2024年6月20日 星期四
农业生态系统减排增汇研究进展
Review on Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Carbon Sink in Agroecosystem
摘要

在全球范围内, 人类面临着日益严峻的气候变化挑战, 绝大多数国家都在为解决这一问题而做出持续努力。农业生态系统既是重要的温室气体排放源, 同时又具有巨大的碳汇潜力, 所以农业生态系统减排增汇研究是应对气候变化挑战的重要举措。然而国内目前在碳汇方面的研究主要集中在森林、草原和海洋领域, 有关农业生态系统碳汇的研究相对较少。对于减少温室气体排放的研究也主要集中在工业、能源、建筑等领域, 农业领域缺乏重视。因此, 农业生态系统减排增汇研究亟待开展。本文系统梳理了在农业生态系统中减少温室气体排放以及增加碳汇的研究进展, 重点探讨了农业废弃物处理、肥料管理和土壤改良等一系列农业管理措施在农业生态系统减排增汇中的作用, 对农业生态系统减排增汇措施及未来研究方向提出了相关建议和展望, 以期为生态农业实践提供有益参考, 实现农业的绿色可持续发展。

Abstract

Globally, mankind is facing an increasingly severe challenge of climate change, and the vast majority of countries are making sustained efforts to solve the problem. Agroecosystem is not only an important source of greenhouse gas emissions, but also has a large potential of carbon sink, so research on greenhouse gas mitigation and carbon sink in agroecosystems is an important initiative to address the challenge of climate change. However, the current domestic research on carbon sinks mainly focuses on forests, grasslands and oceans, and there are relatively few studies on carbon sinks in agroecosystems. Studies on greenhouse gas emission reduction is also mainly concentrated in the fields of industry, energy and lacks the attention in the field of agriculture. Therefore, the research on greenhouse gas mitigation and carbon sink in agroecosystems needs to be carried out urgently. This paper systematically reviewed the research progress to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sinks in agroecosystem, and focused on the role of a series of agricultural management measures, such as agricultural waste disposal, fertilizer management and soil improvement in reducing emissions and increasing sinks in agroecosystem, and put forward relevant suggestions and prospects for the measures to reduce emissions and increase sinks in agroecosystem and the future research direction, with a view to providing useful reference for agricultural practice and realize green and sustainable agricultural production.  

DOI10.48014/pceep.20230914001
文章类型综 述
收稿日期2023-09-14
接收日期2023-09-20
出版日期2023-09-28
关键词农业生态系统, 温室气体减排, 碳汇, 生态系统增汇, 农业管理措施
KeywordsAgroecosystem, greenhouse gas mitigation, carbon sink, ecosystem sink enhancement, agricultural management measures
作者王家辰1、2、3, 刘子嫣3、4, 尹哲玉3、5, 白志辉3、5, 庄绪亮3、5
AuthorWANG Jiachen1、2、3, LIU Ziyan3、4, YIN Zheyu3、5, BAI Zhihui3、5, ZHUANG Xuliang3、5
所在单位1. 滨州魏桥国科高等技术研究院, 滨州 256606;
2. 郑州大学河南先进技术研究院, 郑州 450001;
3. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 北京 100085;
4. 中国科学院大学中丹学院, 北京 100049;
5. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院, 北京 101314。
Company1. Binzhou Institute of Technology, Weiqiao-UCAS Science and Technology Park, Binzhou 256606, China
2. Zhengzhou University, Henan Institute of Advanced Technology, Zhengzhou 450001, China
3. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
4. Sino-Danish College, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
5. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 101314, China.
浏览量426
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基金项目魏桥国科低碳技术专项(GYY-DTFZ-2022-004);
中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA2301040103);
国家自然科 学基金项目(42177111)。
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引用本文王家辰, 刘子嫣, 尹哲玉, 等. 农业生态系统减排增汇研究进展[J]. 中国生态环境保护进展, 2023, 1(3): 22-35.
CitationWANG Jiachen, LIU Ziyan, YIN Zheyu, et al. Review on greenhouse gas mitigation and carbon sink in Agroecosystem[J]. Progress in Chinese Eco-Environmental Protection, 2023, 1(3): 22-35.