2024年6月20日 星期四
绿色金融支持铁路企业绿色可持续发展方式研究
Research on Green Finance Supporting Green and Sustainable Development of Railway Enterprises
摘要

中国在高速发展工业化和城镇化的过程中, 对能源需求持续上升, 碳排放量却仍未达峰。作为重要的市场激励型的环境政策工具, 绿色金融在“碳中和”进程中发挥着日益重要的作用。铁路是交通运输体系的骨干, 在其绿色化发展进程中还未形成完整的绿色金融应用模式。本文主要研究绿色金融对铁路企业的影响, 分析铁路发展绿色金融面临的挑战与必要性。并探索铁路企业绿色可持续发展方式, 分析绿色金融工具在企业中的应用方式, 从铁路企业绿色金融发展路径、发展机制等方面提出探索及拓展建议。研究表明: 铁路建设主要绿色资金来源于绿色信贷和绿色债券, 建设绿色化转型计划将绿色基金作为重要创新融资方式。在铁路领域, 企业通过绿色保险和绿色租赁进行金融服务供给侧改革的创新发展, 应用碳交易及相关金融衍生品获得绿色发展收益。铁路产业开展绿色金融可为铁路企业优化融资结构、拓宽融资渠道、降低综合融资成本、引导资金流向清洁、科技等关键领域, 对支持铁路产业绿色升级高质量发展具有重大意义。

Abstract

In the process of rapid industrialization and urbanization in China, there is a strong demand for energy, while carbon emissions have not yet reached their peak. As an important market-incentivized environmental policy tool, green finance plays an increasingly important role in the process of carbon neutrality. The railway is the backbone of the transportation system, and a complete green finance application model has not yet been formed in its green development process. This article focuses on the impact of green finance on railway enterprises, analyzes the challenges and necessity faced by the development of green finance in railway. It also explores the green and sustainable development methods of railway enterprises, analyzes the application of green financial tools in enterprises, and proposes exploration and expansion suggestions from the development path and mechanism of green finance in railway enterprises. The study has shown that the main sources of green funds for railway construction come from green loans and green bonds. The construction of a green transformation plan takes green funds as an important innovative financing method. In the railway industry, enterprises innovate and develop financial service supply side reforms through green insurance and green leasing, and apply carbon trading and related financial derivatives to obtain green development benefits. Carrying out green finance in the railway industry can optimize financing structure, broaden financing channels, reduce the overall financing costs, and guide funds to clean, science and technology and other key areas, which is of great significance to support the high-quality development and green upgrading of the railway enterprises.  

DOI10.48014/pcep.20240312003
文章类型研究性论文
收稿日期2024-03-12
接收日期2024-03-19
出版日期2024-03-28
关键词绿色金融, 碳达峰碳中和, 铁路绿色化发展, 铁路企业, 铁路绿色金融机制
KeywordsGreen finance, carbon peak and carbon neutrality, green development of railways, railway enterprises, green finance mechanism for railways
作者谢雅雯1,4, 陈锋5,6, 赵益民7, 武纹正1,3, 王鹏1,3, 徐圣君1,3,*, 姜参参1,3, 庄绪亮2,3,4
AuthorXIE Yawen1,4, CHEN Feng5,6, ZHAO Yimin7, WU Wenzheng1,3, WANG Peng1,3, XU Shengjun1,3,*, JIANG Shenshen1,3, ZHUANG Xuliang2,3,4
所在单位1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 北京 100085
2. 中国科学院青藏高原研究所, 北京 100101
3. 中国科学院大学 资源与环境学院, 北京 101408
4. 中国科学院大学 中丹学院, 北京 100190
5. 中国铁路投资集团有限公司, 北京 100097
6. 中国铁路财产保险股份有限公司, 北京 100097
7. 对外经济贸易大学 政府管理学院, 北京 100029
Company1. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
2. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408
4. Sino-Danish College, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
5. China Railway Investment Group Co. , Ltd. , Beijing 100097, China
6. China Railway Property Insurance Co. , Ltd. , Beijing 100097, China
7. School of Government Management, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
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基金项目本项研究得到了中国铁路投资集团有限公司科技研究开发计划课题“铁路绿色金融机制以及对国铁企业影响的研究”(2023ATZ002)资助。
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引用本文谢雅雯, 陈锋, 赵益民, 等. 绿色金融支持铁路企业绿色可持续发展方式研究[J]. 中国生态环境保护进展, 2024, 2(1): 1-10.
CitationXIE Yawen, CHEN Feng, ZHAO Yimin, et al. Research on green finance supporting green and sustainable development of railway enterprises[J]. Progress in Chinese Eco-Environmental Protection, 2024, 2(1): 1-10.