2024年7月21日 星期日
以水蚤为指示生物探究铵盐的急性毒性
Exploring the Acute Toxicity of Ammonium Salt Using Water Flea as Indicator Organisms
摘要

硫酸铵、氯化铵在日常生产生活中应用较为广泛, 可作为氮肥在农田中使用, 也可作为其他化工产品的原料在工厂中使用。在降水等因素作用下, 该类化合物进入自然水体后可对水生态产生一定的影响。本文以水蚤为指示生物探究了硫酸铵、氯化铵的急性毒性。按照《大型溞急性毒性实验方法》 (GB/T16125—2012) 得到了硫酸铵、氯化铵对水蚤急性毒性的24h-LC50值, 分别为469. 9mg/L、546. 7mg/L, 按照毒性等级划分二者均属于微毒范围。

Abstract

Ammonium sulfate and ammonium chloride are widely used in daily production and life. They can be used as nitrogen fertilizer in agricultural fields and as raw materials for other chemical products in factories. Under the action of precipitation and other factors, these compounds can have a certain impact on water ecology when they enter natural water bodies. In the paper, the acute toxicity of ammonium sulfate and ammonium chloride was investigated using water fleas as indicator organisms. According to GB/T 16125- 2012 test method for acute toxicity of water flea, the 24h-LC50 values of the acute toxicity of ammonium sulfate and ammonium chloride to water flea were 469. 894mg/L and 546. 720mg/L respectively, which were classified as slightly toxic according to the toxicity class.  

DOI10.48014/pceep.20221201001
文章类型研究性论文
收稿日期2022-12-01
接收日期2023-03-07
出版日期2023-03-28
关键词硫酸铵, 氯化铵, 水蚤, 急性毒性
KeywordsAmmonium sulfate, ammonium chloride, water flea, acute toxicity
作者靳淑博1, 杨治广1,*, 张军政1, 杨静也1, 陈硕1, 郝晴圆1, 贺晓晓1, 王晨曦1, 霍雨1, 顾世元1, 赵秀秀1, 张文麒2
AuthorJIN Shubo1, YANG Zhiguang1,*, ZHANG Junzheng1, YANG Jingye1, CHEN Shuo1, HAO Qingyuan1, HE Xiaoxiao1, WANG Chenxi1, HUO Yu1, GU Shiyuan1, ZHAO Xiuxiu1, ZHANG Wenqi2
所在单位1. 河南省水体污染防治与修复重点实验室, 河南城建学院, 平顶山 467000
2. 资源环境与安全工程学院, 南华大学, 衡阳 421000
Company1. Henan Province Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Prevention and Rehabilitation Technology,
Henan University of Urban Construction, Pingdingshan 467000, China
2. School of Resources Environment and Safety Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421000, China
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基金项目本项研究得到了河南省高等学校大学生创新训练计划项目(项目号202211765035)的资助
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引用本文靳淑博, 杨治广, 张军政, 等. 以水蚤为指示生物探究铵盐的急性毒性[J]. 中国生态环境保护进展, 2023, 1(1): 1-9.
CitationJIN Shubo, YANG Zhiguang, ZHANG Junzheng, et al. Exploring the acute toxicity of ammonium salt using water flea as indicator organisms[J]. Progress in Chinese Eco-Environmental Protection, 2023, 1(1): 1-9.