2024年6月20日 星期四
国际可持续发展目标指标实践经验与启示
Practical Experience and Implications of International Sustainable Development Goals Indicators
摘要

建立一套科学合理、操作可行的可持续发展目标 (SDGs) 指标体系是联合国实施SDGs2030 议程的核心内容。国际上, 特别是一些OECD发达国家率先开展了SDGs指标体系建设, 并结合具体国情开展了一系列的实践应用和效果评估, 对我国SDGs指标体系本土化建设具有一定借鉴意义。本文系统分析了德国、英国、荷兰、美国、韩国等国家的SDGs指标建设路径和经验。建议我国加快研究建立一套本土化SDGs指标体系, 建立健全以指标监测评估为主的国家SDGs进展报告定期发布制度, 强化SDGs实施能力建设和协作机制, 加强SDGs落实的国际交流与合作。

Abstract

The establishment of a set of scientifically sound and operationally feasible Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) indicator system is the core content of the UN' s implementation of the SDGs2030 agenda. Internationally, especially some developed OECD countries have taken the lead in the construction of SDGs indicator system and carried out a series of practical application and effect evaluation in combination with specific national conditions, which has certain reference significance for the localized construction of SDGs indicator system in China. This paper systematically analyzes the paths and experience of the construction of SDGs indicators in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the United States, South Korea and other countries. It is suggested that China should speed up the research and establishment of a set of localized SDGs indicator system, establish and improve the regular publication system of national SDGs progress reports based on indicator monitoring and evaluation, strengthen the implementation ability construction and coordination mechanism of SDGs and enhance international exchanges and cooperation on the implementation of SDGs.  

DOI10.48014/csdr.20220523001
文章类型综述性论文
收稿日期2022-05-25
接收日期2022-09-21
出版日期2022-09-28
关键词可持续发展目标, 指标, 国际经验, 中国, 战略
KeywordsSustainable development goals (SDGs), indicators, international experience, China, strategy
作者璩爱玉1, 董战峰1,*, 郭雪燕2, 周全1, 郝春旭1
AuthorQU Aiyu1, DONG Zhanfeng1,*, GUO Xueyan2, ZHOU Quan1, HAO Chunxu1
所在单位1. 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012
2. 南开大学环境科学与工程学院, 天津 300353
Company1. Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
2. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300353, China
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引用本文璩爱玉, 董战峰, 郭雪燕, 等. 国际可持续发展目标指标实践经验与启示[J]. 中国可持续发展评论, 2022, 1(1): 1-9.
CitationQU Aiyu, DONG Zhanfeng, GUO Xueyan, et al. Practical experience and implications of the international sustainable development goals indicators[J]. Chinese Sustainable Development Review, 2022, 1(1): 1-9.